The Republic of Uganda is located in East Africa. It borders Tanzania and Rwanda in the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the west, Sudan in the north, and Kenya in the east.
Uganda’s population is 37 million, including approximately 2.5 million orphans. Due primarily to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, 50% of Uganda’s population is under the age of 15.
Approximately 1.5 million Ugandans are living with HIV/AIDS. AIDS and other diseases have brought a shorter life expectancy (55 years) and high infant mortality rates. Good medical care is often scarce. The per capita Gross Domestic Product of Uganda is $2100 per year (PPP basis), and 35% of the population lives below the poverty line.
More than 80 percent of Ugandans live in rural areas, working in agriculture. Many speak English – the official national language – in addition to Swahili or one of the Bantu languages.
Uganda hosts 210,000 Sudanese, 30,000 Congolese, and 20,000 Rwandan refugees, while Ugandan refugees as well as members of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) seek shelter in southern Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Garamba National Park; LRA forces have also attacked Kenyan villages across the border.